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Return to Philosophy: Asking Questions--Seeking Answers Student Resources
Chapter 05 Self Quiz
Rene Descartes (1596-1650) set out to find complete certainty in
The New Organon.
Meditations on First Philosophy.
What Is Truth?
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) refuted the belief that celestial bodies are
in eternal and perfect motion.
Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy argued that our senses have
deceived us in the past, though should always be trusted.
deceived us in the past, thus should not be trusted absolutely.
never deceived us in the past, though should still not be trusted.
never deceived us in the past, thus should be trusted absolutely.
An a priori argument is one that
does not rely on observation.
relies on observation.
relies on both observation and pure reason.
None of the above
Descartes posited an "evil demon" that could deceive him about everything except
what he was presently experiencing.
his memories of the past.
his mathematical calculations.
that he exists.
Descartes claimed to know with complete certainty that he was a
All of the above
Descartes claimed that when he reflected on certain claims, such as "I exist" or "I am a thinking thing," he felt compelled to believe because these perceptions were
obvious and immediate.
vivid and clear.
Descartes claims to prove the existence of god based on his vivid and clear perception that
God is supremely perfect.
God is supremely good.
God is the cause of his own being.
Descartes argued that God, being perfectly good, would not allow people to be led into error by vivid and clear perception. Which of the following is not a premise in that argument?
Malice and weakness are not to be found in God.
I have a faculty of judgment that was given to me by God.
Since God doesn't want to deceive me, I am sure that he didn't give me a faculty of judgment that would lead me into error while I was using it correctly.
Deceiving someone is often necessary for his or her own good.
The Meditations on First Philosophy is often said to be the founding work of __________ philosophy.
When philosophers talk about someone being a skeptic, they usually have in mind someone who
believes some things are simply unknowable.
doubts to an extreme level.
acknowledges the difficulty in acquiring knowledge.
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