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Return to Philosophy Here and Now 3e Student Resources
Chapter 9 Self-Assessment
After his crisis of meaning, Tolstoy
income increased dramatically.
became an agnostic.
Before Tolstoy's Christian conversion, his perspective on the meaning of life was
Schopenhauer's attitude toward life was that
life was uncertain but worthwhile.
life was bereft of meaning.
life was hard but ultimately hopeful.
an afterlife would erase all misery.
Regarding the meaning of life, Clarence Darrow believed life was
uncertain but ultimately rewarding.
hard but worthwhile.
meaningful for most people.
Baggini accuses pessimists of mixing up the two senses of
Most of those who take the externalist approach to meaning view the matter from a __________ standpoint.
Baggini argues that the notion of a God assigning a purpose to humans should be __________ to believers and nonbelievers alike.
Baggini asks, What could seem more unlikely than that a supreme being would need to create human beings solely so that it can
have creatures to serve it?
save the world?
fulfill its destiny?
bless human beings?
Internalists believe they can have meaningful lives without relying on
secular moral theories.
the concepts of God or transcendent realms.
Many philosophers argue that the fact of death and the ephemeral nature of human endeavors are __________ to the meaningfulness or meaningless of a person's existence.
Life's value or meaning must be distinguished from
happiness and moral rightness.
Pessimists regarding life's meaning believe that life can have no meaning if
external meaning is nonexistent.
internal meaning is possible.
internal meaning is nonexistent.
__________ said, "I saw that [the life of the working masses] was life itself and that the meaning given to this life was truth, and I accepted it."
According to a recent poll, __________of secular, nonreligious, or atheistic people thought their lives had an important meaning or purpose.
__________ said, "Most of us would say without hesitation that a person's life had meaning if we knew that he devoted himself to a cause."
Is it the case that the prospect of death and the eventual obliteration of all human creations rob our lives of meaning?
yes, for most people
yes, for most religious people
True or False? The concept of "the meaning of life" is, in common usage, vague and slippery.
True or False? There are many people who seem to lead meaningful lives without relying on belief in an external being or force to confer meaning.
True or False? Edwards says that if life is meaningful, then it is meaningful no matter how long or short it is.
True or False? For many people, life can be meaningful if they come to see their goals or purposes as inherently valuable or worthwhile.
True or False? For most people, the phrase "the meaning of life" refers to internal meaning.
True or False? Baggini thinks Tolstoy (at one point in his life), Schopenhauer, and Darrow mixed up internal and external meaning.
True or False? Many believe that unless a divine entity or transcendent reality has provided the world with ultimate purpose or value, life is meaningless.
True or False? Internalists say that no one can have a meaningful life without relying on the concepts of God or transcendent realms.
True or False? The main impediment to clear thinking about life's meaning is confusion about what meaning refers to.
True or False? The process of examining the question of lifeâs meaning is a task for oneâs community.
True or False? The process of examining the question of life's meaning is a task for one's community.
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