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Return to Philosophy: Asking Questions--Seeking Answers Student Resources
Chapter 13 Self Quiz
Hedonism, roughly speaking, is the ethical position wherein
the greatest utility for the greatest number of people is the only good.
satisfying one's desires is the only good, and having them left unsatisfied, the only bad.
pleasure is the only good and pain is the only bad.
thrill-seeking, sexual promiscuity, the consumption of drugs, and so on are the only true goods.
According to the text, which of the following is a direct bad?
The presence of pantry moths
An overdue bill
The heartache of a person whose love is unrequited
Failing an exam in philosophy
__________ was the most famous of all hedonists who chose to lead a simple, almost ascetic life with his/her friends in a commune.
Which of the following criticisms has/have been made against hedonism?
While pleasure is directly good, it is not the only direct good.
Not all pleasures are good.
Hedonism, as a theory, neglects meaningfulness.
All of the above
Essence, according to Sartre, more or less means the __________ of a thing
For Sartre, one's essence arises owing to __________ creation of it.
Sartre defined anguish as the pain we experience
as essential to human life as such.
when forced to make difficult decisions about what to value.
after having made horrible decisions about what to value.
when seemingly good decisions turn out to be horrifying.
For Sartre, a particularly frequent form of bad faith is
seeing oneself as not bound by moral laws.
seeing oneself as determining the moral laws for other human beings.
identifying oneself with one's social role or function (e.g., a waiter or grocer).
identifying oneself with the roles of society that are looked highly upon.
Sartre's position has been criticized insofar as
we do not seem to create value, but rather discover it (particularly with pleasure and pain).
modern materialistic science has shown we are not free in the way Sartre proposes.
it entirely denies the existence of nature in the "nature vs. nurture" debate.
human beings can rarely escape living in bad faith.
Which of the following does not involve active engagement?
Writing checks to your favorite charity
Climbing a mountain
Preparing to run a marathon
Running a marathon
In addition to meaningfulness, Wolf also believed __________ was an important aspect of a good life
Wolf herself raised criticisms against her theory related to the fact that evaluations of worth seem
culture-bound and variable with time.
insufficiently grounded in nature.
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