Makes legally binding rules that apply to people generally.
Foreign relations; military action; administration; developing national policy on a wide range of subjects.
Applying the law to resolve civil disputes and the conduct of criminal trials.
There can be no liberty if legislative and executive powers are united in the same person.
The fusion of legislative and executive powers is the precise principle of Cabinet government.
The separation of powers is not in essence concerned with the allocation of functions. Its primary purpose is the prevention of arbitrary government.
The separation of powers should not be used as a full normative theory. It is a constitutional tool that enables the author of a constitution to match function to the institution best suited to perform it.