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Return to The Globalization of World Politics 7e Student Resources
Multiple choice questions: Chapter 10
According to Foucault...
Discourses constitute authority and knowledge.
Discourses are irrelevant.
Discourses constitute authority and knowledge and post-structuralists use the term discourses to mean that the link between knowledge and power is mutually constitutive.
'The state' is the most important element in international politics.
'Anti-foundationalism' holds that:
Every theory poses different questions and, therefore, what counts as 'fact' and 'truth' differs in every case.
All truth claims can be judged true or false, usually against empirical facts.
Causal statements about the relationship between dependent and independent variables can be made.
Truth is the foundation for international political theory.
Why has realist scholar Stephen Walt warned against adopting a post-structuralist approach?
Post-structuralism is too concerned with human rights.
Post-structuralism does not focus enough on 'the state' as the primary category of political organisation.
He argues that post-structuralism is, in its current form, unable to comprehend world politics and security studies as it under-theorizes material power as a determining factor of states' relations and instead focuses too much on being a critical approach.
Post-structuralism does not place enough focus on civil liberties and human rights.
Why is the term post-structuralism preferred by most scholars to post-modernism, with which it was often used interchangeably?
The term underlines that post-structuralism is not confined to a particular post-modern period and is a position which shares more with structuralism than with its opponents, as scholar Waever argues.
Post-modernism connotes 'anti-modernism,' and post-structuralist theory is concerned with 'modern' events.
Post-structuralism has more letters.
Other international relations scholars were too overtly critical of 'post-modern' theories.
When considering the question 'who is allowed to speak and with what kind of identity, authority and knowledge?' post-structuralists hold that:
All groups, including NGOs, refugees and stateless individuals, have an equal voice in global affairs.
As a consequence of how world politics has been theorised by conventional approaches such as Realism, non-State groups such as NGOs cannot gain a voice in international relations.
Only states have the right to a voice in the international political realm.
There is a hierarchy of those non-state actors that have a voice in international politics, with stateless people coming at the top of the hierarchy.
Why is the concept of 'sex-trafficking' of interest to post-structuralists?
The definition of this practice is centred around territoriality and the idea of state boundaries, as well as creating a particular identity for those women who are trafficked. It is thus the deconstruction of 'sex-trafficking' as a concept that poststructuralism is most concerned with.
The concept of sex trafficking is not highlighted as of interest to post-structuralists.
It is the only example of a defined concept that can be deconstructed to highlight the creation of identity in international politics.
The definition of sex trafficking has been created by those who are themselves involved in sex trafficking and so is an opportunity for non-state actors to have a voice in international politics.
Which of the following is correct, as regards post-structuralist methodology?
All post-structuralists are uniform in their agreement that it is impossible to create such a methodology.
All post-structuralists are uniform in their agreement that there is only one possible methodology.
Post-structuralists have divergent views on both what such a methodology would look like and indeed whether it is at all possible.
Rita Floyd argues that the scholar Derrida would have argued in favour for a uniform methodology.
According to the post-structuralist scholar R.B.J Walker the principle of State Sovereignty:
Was created by the post 9/11 US as a tool in the global 'war on terror.'
Is irrelevant to post-structuralism and international politics.
Emerged in an early modern Europe as a replacement for the principle of hierarchical subordination.
Emerged during the Russian revolution of 1917.
Scholar David Campbell distinguishes between which of the following?
'foreign policy' and 'Foreign Policy'
'post-structuralism' and 'poststructuralism'
'State' and 'state'
None of the options given is correct
How do post-structuralists argue that humanitarian interventions have been legitimized?
Through the UN sanctioning and taking full responsibility for humanitarian intervention.
By parliamentary hearings that raise awareness and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention.
Through discourse in the international political arena that split the other into 'innocent civilians' and 'Balkan governments.'
All of the options given are correct.
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